The overwhelming majority of Nepali people are struggling hard for livelihoods in the socio-economic environment ruled by illiteracy, malnutrition/diseases, unemployment and social injustice. The unequal access and ownership to natural productive resources, and the gender-based discrimination and exploitation are not only responsible for subordinate status of women leading to various women's health and nutritional problems but have also forced the marginalised families to migrate into town and cities or other countries to earn their livelihoods. The poverty has made vicious cycle substantially elevating marginalization of wide population groups simultaneously dehumanizing and leaving them far behind the development efforts. Rural population has adopted migration as a coping strategy to address poverty. Thus, the ever increasing trend and number of migration of rural youth, the prevailing social injustice, the culture of silence, and degradation of fertility of crop lands, rampant unemployment and social crimes including violence against women have become an intricate socio-economic problem that requires immediate and integrated programs.
WOREC Nepal has been actively working in close partnership with local groups/organisations to change the existing discriminatory socio-cultural norms and values that are responsible for subordination of women and marginalized communities. With an overall goal of facilitating marginalized people to improve the quality of their lives from right based perspective, WOREC had conducted "collective empowerment and sustainable community development program in Siraha district" (CESCD) with the financial assistance of MISEREOR, Germany from 1 April 2003 to 30 December 2010. Initially the program was conducted for three years (Phase I: 2003 to 2006); and it was extended to another four years (Phase II: 2006 to 2010).