Women's Rights

Collective voices of women from nepal asserting our rights

29 Sep 2010 Download


On 21 November 2006 the Political Parties signed the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) and entered the Peace process, ending more than a decade long political conflict. All the parties to the peace agreement also emphatically reiterated their commitment to initiate a progressive socio-economic transformation respecting the human rights and identity of marginalized communities, change the political direction of the State from authoritarian to egalitarian, end rampant impunity and provide reparation and remedies to victims of the conflict, especially women and children.

Denial of the right to access justice for social and economic wrongs had fuelled the conflict. The Maoists were able to use the environment to rapidly expand and amplify the voices of the marginalized and exploited, and wage a fight for economic and social justice. At the community level, women ran the people’s courts along with the Maoist cadres to try and punish perpetrators.. While some of these informal methods of dispute resolution and community justice may be problematic from the human rights perspective yet many women felt that previous wrongs had been addressed and sometimes avenged.

​​​​​​​Violence Against Women has been recognized as an “issue” but not as a “political issue”. In the field of criminal justice however, when it comes to implementing the court decisions or operationalising public policies, the state is slow to respond and act.. On account of. the fact that the Government and the legal structures continue to be based on the exclusionary model privileging the elites has made the fight against structural discrimination during the current transition phase difficult. Numerous challenges remain to be surmounted including a weak rule of law, rampant impunity and corruption, lack of a serious commitment to women’s rights, and political will to address the root causes of Violence against Women.

Nepal has ratified a number of international conventions and treaties including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) , International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), The Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC), the International Labor Organization Convention No.169, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and its Optional Protocol. Nepal has firmly supported the United Nations Declarations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). To date, the international commitments made have not been adequately fulfilled and neither has the government of Nepal found it possible to domesticate the ratified treaties through national legislation and policies..

The situation of women continues to be a major cause of concern. The continued male privilege, denial of human rights, violence and discrimination are still being engraved on women’s bodies making the personal intensely political. As women continue to challenge the feudal, patriarchal structures, unequal gender power relations and structural inequalities protectionist responses are reinforced often through law and programmes which undermine the agency of women and challenge their very physical and psychological integrity.

Women, above all, still continue to be marginalized, oppressed, abused, excluded and stigmatized on the basis of caste, class, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender identity, ability and nature of work.




We, the Women of Nepal urge the members of Human Rights Council to address the following demands to the Government of Nepal



  • Immediately ratify International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, Refuge Convention and Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols.
  • Accede to the statute of ICC (Rome Statute) as per the directives of the parliament.
  • Ratify the Optional Protocol to ICESCR; the Optional Protocol to CAT and Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions.
  • Accept the individual complain procedure under the International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and the Convention against Torture.
  • Implement the Convention on Rights of People with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol and incorporate the key provisions of all major international conventions in the new Constitution of Nepal.
  • Domesticate all international treaties into national law.



  • Take immediate action to eliminate all forms of violence, torture and harmful practices against women.
  • Continue to establish and operate, in association with civil society, safe houses in all 75 districts of Nepal and provide prompt and adequate response to women victims of violence, torture and harmful socio-cultural practices.
  • Establish well-resourced victim support centers with comprehensive packages including shelter, legal aid, medical aid, psycho-social counseling, and assistance for employment opportunities for those women survivors of violence, torture and discrimination.
  • Consider an appropriate social security system for women in general, and specifically for women victims of torture, discrimination and harmful socio-cultural practices with the aim of providing adequate opportunities of education and employment to women and girls.
  • Establish a high level commission to investigate Violence Against Women and Violence Against Female Combatants during the time of conflict.



  • Seek measures to provide reparation and remedy to women subjected to violence in conflict/post conflict situation. The Reparations strategy should transcend a mere making amends but should have a transformative potential.



  • Develop ‘Witness protection system’ in the country that effectively deals with the threat of re-victimization/ secondary victimization.




  • Take all possible measures to fully ensure that all forms of assault, attack, threat, and intimidation against human rights defenders are prevented and should such incidents happen, ensure a thorough investigation, and prosection of perpetrators in accordance with the EU Guidelines and Supreme Court Directives on Women Human Rights Defenders.
  • Strengthen the role of WHRDs in the administration of justice by enforcing appropriate legal and practical measures for their identity, solidarity, and security.
  • Special attention should be given to the local implementation strategy for Nepal designed by EU member states, corresponding with the provisions of the EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders.



  • Take all possible measures to ensure the independence and autonomy of all National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) by providing guarantees through the constitution and legislation, and strengthen their capacity and performance by allocating adequate resources and implementing the recommendations made by them.



  • Adopt and implement a strong development framework with affirmative policies and implementation commitments for food security, food right and food sovereignty for the marginalized population include women such as survivors of Violence Against Women
  • Enact land reform to ensure tenancy rights of landless people and ensure adequate budget allocation to provide rehabilitation to landless people
  • Recognize the special needs of marginalized groups such as women, children, Dalits, differently abled persons, LGBTI and ensure that the general health service is improved and made accessible to everyone.
  • Ensure Right to Health to Everyone as enshrined in the Constitution by creating appropriate mechanisms
  • Ensure proper rehabilitation including right to Education of Child Kamlari;